AFROPHOBIA CHALLENGE

Countering Anti-Africanism & Discrimination Against Africans and Persons of African Heritage

UNDERSTANDING AFROPHOBIA, AFROPHOBISM AND INSTITUTIONAL AFROPHOBIA

 

URGENT NEED TO RECOGNISE AFROPHOBIA AND AFRICAPHOBISM AS HATRED, ACTIONS OR INACTION TO CAUSE HAVOC TO AND DISCRIMINATION SPECIFICALLY DIRECTED AT AFRICANS, DIASPORA AFRICANS AND THE AFRICAN CONTINENT.

BY KOKU ADOMDZA FRSA

Introduction

Racism is described as discrimination against an identifiable group sharing the same racial characteristics by others from another race within the human race. Most race and race discrimination discourse appear to highlight other forms of racism such as anti-semitism and rightly so. This gives the impression that even within the trajectory of race discourse, matters regarding Africans, persons of African ancestry and the African continent are marginalised, similar to the charge against the hierarchy of races. Against this backdrop, afrophobia, which is discrimination specifically directed at Africans and persons of African ancestry appear to have been sidelined and often used interchangeably with racism. To the extent that afrophobia or africaphobia is not as prominent as it should be and that it hardly sees the day of light is testament to the submitted suggestion.

It is a fact that Africans, persons of African ancestry and the African continent have been subjected to, and continue to be subjected to some of the most grotesque human rights violations and territorial marginalisation for centuries. Africans and the African continent have been ravaged by a catalogue of man-made tragedies notable of which include the transatlantic slave trade, colonialism, neo-colonialism, apartheid etc. as a net result of which its people are reduced to abject poverty, even though the continent is richly endowed and Africa is the origin of human beings. As yet there is no clear panacea to this conundrum which continues to worsen in this new millennium. To date 350,000 Africans perish monthly from preventable causes.

This unfortunate trend generates a burning desire to identify the factors that have created modern Africa and the plight of majority of Africans in the midst of abundance. No amount of foreign investment or implementation of IMF or World Bank policies has improved the political and economic marginalisation of Africans and Africa. This interplay of factors throw significant spotlight on investigating and discussing the phenomenon of afrophobia as an underlying ideology and distinct discrimination which drives sustained assault and entrenched erosion away of the fundamental human rights of Africans, people of African ancestry and perilously exposes the interests of the African continent to multiple-jeopardy . It has been established that there is no scientific evidence that Africans are less intelligent than other human groups. The proposition therefore is that Afrophobia is a potent and vicious type of malevolent perpetrated against Africans that has accounted for and continues to account for the mass misery of many and African in the world, not excluding the impoverishment of the African continent. It is therefore imperative that afrophobia is recognised by the United Nations and other relevant agencies as a distinct and most vile form of racial discrimination and given the required prominence, attention and resolution commensurate with its avoidably long-term dehumanising effects.

Concept

Afrophobia can be defined as the ideology and practice of extreme hatred, hostility, prejudice, fear, dislike, disapproval and discrimination towards Africans, people of African ancestry, culture and the African continent. Afrophobia thus manifests as a carefully ochestrated, sustained and most vicious form of human rights violation against Africans, persons of African ancestry and therefore against the interests of the African continent. Afrophobia transpires into structural obstacles of visible disadvantage against the Africans, persons of African ancestry, the African continent and assumes at its subtlest the tendency of denial of the very existence of afrophobia as an unspoken official policy and practice.

It is an extremist phenomenon with consequences of statistically-backed genocidal proportions of the transatlantic cartel slave trade, colonisation, apartheid, neoclonialism, contemporary institutional racism and the African development conundrum etc. It is self-contradictory because not only does it deny ancient African civilisation and its contribution to world civilisation, including Africa as the origin of mankind, but it also denies the crimes of externally imposed trans-Atlantic cartel slave trade and refuses to take responsibility for those past crimes and their long-term ramifications such as post-traumatic slave syndrome.

Afrophobia thought is cyclical in dynamics – dehumanisation of everything African [history, civilisation & culture etc] through the manufacturing of unethical and scientifically unsustainable theories, to justify the coercive perpetration and perpetuation of crimes against Africans, blame Africans for self-infliction of associated tragedies, refuse to apologise for the historic but long term consequences of imposed atrocities, recycle old racist theories and publish into books.

Afrophobia is thus a form of diacritical sustained racism that is specifically directed at Africans, persons of African ancestry, couture and the African continent, thereby distinct from other forms of racism such as anti-semitism, xenophobia with peculiarly not much coverage in race discourse.

Other diacritics of afrophobia include the following:
It is perpetrated specifically against people
- Located in or whose immediate origin is the African continent
- Of African physical appearance
- Of African name constructs
- Of African native languages
- Of African accents
- Of African nationalities
- Of African countries
- of African cultures e.g. values, music, dress etc
- Of African history
- Of African dietal regimes
- Of African traditions
- Who champion the cause of total emancipation of the African people
- Who advocate for Africa’s sustainable economic development & prosperity

 

Phobia

The term ‘phobia’, which comes from the Greek word for fear (φόβοσ, fobos) that denotes a number of psychological and physiological conditions that can range from serious disabilities to common fears to minor quirks.

Phobia is a negative attitude towards certain categories of people or other things, used in an analogy with the medical usage of the term "phobia". Usually it is described as fear, dislike, disapproval, prejudice, hatred, discrimination, or hostility towards the object of the phobia. It is a psychological category that relates to specific attitudes towards a subject.

A fear or hatred is not always considered a phobia in the clinical sense because it is believed to be only a symptom of other psychological problems, or the result of ignorance, or of political or social beliefs. In other words, unlike clinical phobias, which are usually qualified with the word "irrational", phobias of attitude usually have roots in social relations.
Ignorance is a lack of knowledge, or a wilful lack of desire to improve the efficiency, merit, effectiveness or usefulness of ones actions.

These are phobias in a more general, popular sense of the word:
• Afrophobia, fear or dislike of Africans or African culture or people of African ancestry
• Christianophobia, fear or dislike of Christians
• Islamophobia, fear or dislike of Muslims or Islamic culture
• Ethnophobia, fear or dislike of majority culture or cultural homogeneity, often used to describe internationalist political beliefs and movements.
• Xenophobia, fear or dislike of strangers or the unknown, often used to describe nationalistic political beliefs and movements
• Ephebophobia, irrational fear of adolescents gaining more rights or showing behavioral, emotional or social emancipation
• Europhobia, a dislike of the political machinery surrounding the European Union.
• Anti-polonism, hostility towards the polish
• Anti-semitism, hostility towards Jews

 

Ideology

As an ideology, afrophobia is a supremacist conspiracy to denigrade, dehumanise and entrench the perpetuation of subjugation, suppression, exploitation, pauperisation, marginalisation of Africans and persons of African origin, backed by the perpetual economic underdevelopment of the African continent.

It is akin to extremist ideologies such as racism, anti-semitism, xenophobia, islamophobia and christianophobia. Given its factual devastating consequences, afrophobia from the perspective of the victim is a weapon for the total annihilation of Africans and persons of African ancestry from the planet. Effectively, afrophobia has exposed Africans into the league of endangered human species.

Throughout time, it has assumed the forms of scientific racism, academic racism and cyber-racism e.g. www.niggermania.com, www.niggermania.org.

The fact that afrophobia has not been openly identified as a phenomenon with a commensurate panacea but somewhat diluted by encapsulation within the larger terminology of racism, confirms its conspiratorial dimensions and intent.

Afrophobia is so potent that it has eluded the ivory tower laboratories of research for centuries, regardless of the fact that its diabolical and genocidal consequences are ubiquitous. It is integral to the African conundrum and borders on criminality against humanity.

Practice

From a macro-practical perspective, afrophobia has been perpetuated against the African peoples and continent in the forms of well orchestrated and institutionalised discriminatory frameworks such as the European transatlantic slave trade [the Maafa or part-African holocaust], colonialism, apartheid, neocolonialism and marginalisation within the global political and economic disorder, free but unfair trade.

Typically, afrophobia is manifest in the recalcitrant refusal of former slave colonial powers to formerly apologise for the genocide of the transatlantic slave trade from which northern economies tremendously benefited including provision of labour and capital to fuel the industrial revolution. In comparison, this contrasts with the formal apology lodged by states for the Jewish pogrom. An exception is the micro world city apology lodged by Ken Livingstone Esq, former Mayor of London, in august 2007 at City Hall, London, UK. A symbolic formal apology would have reversed the associated moral deficit shouldered by Europeans and appeased the immense hurt felt by Africans and persons of African ancestry throughout the world.

Typically, afrophobia is epitomised by the absence of any attempt to formally apologise and atone for the horrors of colonial exploitation characterised in part by capital punishment including colonial wars, amputations; the arbitrary partition of peoples into nation states and the fostering of long term dependency.

Typically, afrophobia is manifest by the obstinate refusal of former colonial powers states to embrace reparations for both the dastardly cartel slave trade and colonial exploitation, a conscientious logical next step to a fitting and unequivocal apology for the genocide of the barbaric transatlantic slavery; which would have established a comprehensive reconstruction program to develop Africa ala the marshal plan and freed Europeans of the inherited guilty baggage and brought some practical justice, equity to Africans and the African continent as victims of colonial exploitation. Without structural changes in frameworks, the international development programs of the north have failed to bring about economic development and eliminate poverty. There is a lack of humility to take steps that would permanently make up for the devastation caused because of the psychology of afrophobia – Africans do not matter.

From a micro-individual perspective, afrophobia has been similarly perpetuated against the native African in Africa and people of African ancestry in the Diaspora in all areas of human endeavour – religion, immigration, employment, education, housing, healthcare, criminal justice, access to finance & capital.

By application, afrophobia is exemplified by the misguided, misleading and disempowering hierarchy of races equality monitoring construct, which is widely used by leading democracies, the discriminate labelling of African people as ‘black’ as against ‘white’ which creates a psychological mindset of superiority and inferiority complexes, a ready made tool for extremists and supremacists. This reference framework is unreasonable and unscientific because it perpetuates by entrenchment supremacism of ‘white’ over ‘black’. Above all it is inconsistent because the same skin pigmentation yardstick is not used in this unsustainable labelling framework, which is a mixture of geographical & skin pigmentation label. It defeats the purpose of racial equality and oppressively cagely dehumanises Africans and people of African ancestry as bottom of the pie. This poverty of clarity reflects the ongoing conspiracy of afrophobia.

An outshoot of afrophobia, which underlay the scramble for Africa remains divide and rule which has pitched African against African over control of natural resources and competition for scarce resources caused by colonial exploitation, unprecedented capital flight and fermented inbred hostility within Africans. This has in recent past led to civil wars in Africa.

Ethical considerations

The ideology and practice of afrophobia has inflicted long term adverse consequences on Africans, people of African ancestry and the African continent. For centuries, afrophobia has cost hundreds of millions of lives and wrought untold misery and discrimination into the experiences of those alive, regardless of educational or socio-economic attainments. For centuries afrophobia has perpetually impoverished an otherwise richly endowed African content which has been effectively transformed into a contemporary economic gulag from which people desperately want to escape, just so as to be able to access their basic fundamental human rights – food, clothing, shelter, medicare, education, employment.

Scripturally, most holy books proclaim that Almighty God made man in his own image and therefore equal. However, some religions are known to have practised afrophobia that instigated the phenomenon of African churches all over the world.

Human rightly, the United Nations declaration of human rights and convention on the elimination of all forms of racial discrimination affirm that all men are created equal with certain inalienable rights. What these positive instruments do not do is that they fail to recognise this conspicuous distinct hatred and discrimination against Africans, persons of African ancestry and the African continent i.e. afrophobia.

Given its destructive ramifications, afrophobia is a tool with potential to annihilate Africans from the earth. For example 350,000 Africans die each month from preventable causes due to the global economic disorder which are ruled by northern states e.g. g8 and lately g20.

Fundamental flaw of Afrophobia

The fundamental flaw of afrophobia is that it contradicts the principles of fundamental human rights as well as the established scientific fact that Africa is the cradle of human civilisation and that human beings originated from Africa. How anyone can be so hostile to the extent of engaging in systematic acts of denigration and extermination towards his or her own origin, remains a central paradox in human civilisation. In consequence, today’s Africa has been reduced into a theatre of untold human misery from where the press capture and select horrific images to feed into the dehumanisation project and to justify unsustainable supremacism.

 

Urgent Appeal to the United Nations Secretary General

Against the above backdrop, the Council for Afrika International is calling on the United Nations Secretary General to adopt the fact of afrophobia as a recognised category of racism as discrimination towards Africans, persons of African ancestry and the African continent.

Footnotes:

- What is Africa? - Africa is the world’s second-largest continent in both area and population, after Asia.
- Culture - The word culture comes from the Latin root colere - to inhabit, to cultivate, or to honour.
- The Gollywog - is an iconic 19th century caricature of Black Africans.